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Consumer law

Under Australian consumer law, most goods and services that are bought in Australia come with automatic guarantees that they’ll work and do what they’re supposed to do. If not, the law gives you consumer rights to repair, replacement, refund, service cancellation, and compensation.

Consumer guarantees

Consumer guarantees set out required standards which apply to most goods and services that cost up to $40,000 (or more if they’re normally used for personal or domestic purposes).

Full details about consumer guarantees including the standards and what goods or services are covered.

Repairs, replacements and refunds

You don’t automatically have the right to return an item for refund, or to receive all or part of a deposit back, if you simply change your mind, or realise you selected the wrong product or size. However, many traders choose to do this with proof of purchase.

You do have the right to a repair, refund or replacement if goods or services bought in Australia don’t meet one or more of the consumer guarantees.

If you have a minor problem with goods or services, the business can choose to give you a free repair instead of a replacement or refund. For a major problem with a product, you have the right to ask for your choice of a replacement or refund. If you have a major service problem, you can choose to receive compensation for the drop in value below the price paid, or a refund.

Full details about repairs, replacements and refunds.

Cancelling a service

Under some circumstances you have the right to cancel a service if it doesn’t meet the consumer guarantees in relation to services.

More information about cancelling a service.

Compensation for damage and loss

You can ask for compensation for damages and losses you suffer if the supplier could have reasonably anticipated the problem. This is in addition to a repair, replacement or refund, or cancellation of a service.

More information about compensation.


Sometimes people or businesses also offer a warranty or an optional extended warranty (often called a ‘care package’) on the goods or services they supply. Although a warranty is a voluntary promise, once you purchase their goods or service, the warranty becomes a right which you can enforce under consumer law.

More information on warranties and the things to watch out for when offered extended warranties.

Unsolicited consumer agreements

If you enter into an agreement to purchase goods or services (including switching providers): with someone who knocks on your door, calls you on the phone, or approaches you in a shopping centre; or as a result of entering a competition; this is considered an unsolicited consumer agreement. In these cases, you have additional rights.

More information about unsolicited consumer agreements.

False or misleading descriptions

It’s against the law for businesses to make false claims or provide misleading descriptions about goods or service.

More information about false and misleading representations.

Misleading or deceptive conduct

Consumer law also protects consumers from misleading or deceptive conduct. Business conduct is likely to break the law if it creates a misleading overall impression among the intended audience about the price, value or quality of consumer goods or services.

Whether a business intends to mislead or deceive is irrelevant – what matters is how their statements, actions and business conduct affect the thoughts and beliefs of you as the consumer.

More information about misleading or deceptive conduct.

Tips for dealing with your consumer problem

  • Always keep receipts, dockets, invoices or contracts as proof of the transaction.
  • You don’t need to keep the original packaging as you’re not required to return it.
  • First speak to the retailer or supplier who sold you the goods or provided the service.
  • If you haven’t been able to resolve your problem, lodge a complaint with NSW Fair Trading.
  • If your unresolved dispute is about a service covered by an Ombudsman, contact them. They offer free investigation and alternative dispute resolution services to help you.

Further information


This information is current as at December 2019 and is intended as a guide to the law as it applies to people who live in or are affected by the law as it applies in NSW. It does not constitute legal advice.

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