Home pregnancy test kits can be purchased from chemists and most supermarkets, and range in price from $5 to $10. It is safe to do a pregnancy test at any time, but results will be most accurate if you wait until your period is due, or 2–3 weeks after possible conception.
If the test indicates that you may be pregnant, or if you have any concern about the result of the test, you should see a doctor. A doctor will conduct a urine or blood test to confirm whether or not you are pregnant, and inform you about your options. You may also choose to see a doctor, and skip the home pregnancy test altogether.
Some people prefer to contact a women’s health centre or Family Planning clinic for counselling with an appropriately qualified practitioner. A counsellor can help you make the right pregnancy decisions for you.
There are three types of emergency contraception available in Australia:
Emergency contraceptive pills can be obtained from a chemist without a prescription. Emergency contraception is also available at Family Planning NSW clinics and some GPs. For a copper IUD, contact your nearest Family Planning NSW clinic or Family Planning NSW Talkline to get information about having an insertion within the 5-day time frame.
It is important to remember:
If you are pregnant and don’t want to continue the pregnancy, you could consider terminating the pregnancy, also known as abortion. Termination of pregnancy is a safe and common medical procedure used to end pregnancy through surgical intervention or by taking medication.
There are two ways an abortion can be done: a surgical abortion or a medical abortion. A medical abortion may also be organized over the phone, this is known as a medical abortion by phone or a tele-abortion.
A termination of pregnancy is legal in NSW under certain circumstances as long as it’s performed by a registered doctor. More information, and find a clinic.
If you have any complications with your labour, where you require an obstetrician or want pain relief (e.g. gas or epidural), a birthing centre may not be suitable for you. If you are already at the hospital birthing centre and you experience complications, you may be transferred to the labour ward.
A few public hospitals offer Medicare-funded homebirth for low-risk pregnancies, though places are very limited. For more information on private and public hospitals, birthing centres and home births, visit the Pregnancy Birth & Beyond website.
It is normal to experience a range of emotions. It is okay to feel confused, especially if it was not expected and/or is your first time. Family Planning NSW have a useful online resource to assist you to understand pregnancy and support for your partner. You can also contact the Family Planning NSW Talkline on 1300 658 886.
Australian residents and others who are eligible for Medicare will have their pregnancy and birthing costs covered or mostly covered if they choose to use public hospitals and services. If you are an international student, you will need to check whether your OSHC covers pregnancy. If you are not covered for pregnancy, giving birth in Australia will be very expensive.
There are many issues that can come up during a pregnancy. It can be surprising how small things can happen during labour and have an impact on you. Do as much planning as you can before labour. Don’t be afraid to ask your doctor or nurse for information to be broken into small amounts, so that you can have time to think. Ideally you should be able to trust yourself and your own knowledge of yourself. A common decision to make beforehand is whether or not to use pain relief. Some people choose to have a completely chemical free delivery, with no needles, but many choose pain-relieving medication during labour. Your decision is your right.
This information is current as at December 2019 and where it includes legal information is intended as a guide to the law as it applies to people who live in or are affected by the law as it applies in NSW. It does not constitute legal advice.